Posts of : L.E. Cartier

The Sustainable Luxury Contradiction Evidence from a Consumer Study of Marine-cultured Pearl Jewellery

The Sustainable Luxury  Contradiction Evidence from a Consumer Study of Marine-cultured Pearl Jewellery. Published in Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 2016, 63, 73-95.

Author(s): J. Nash, C. Ginger, L.E. Cartier

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The Legendary Gem Mines of Mogok Myanmar (Burma): Is Responsible Sourcing Possible Beyond Sanctions?

The Legendary Gem Mines of Mogok Myanmar  (Burma): Is Responsible Sourcing Possible Beyond Sanctions?  Published on National Geographic Blog, 2016.

Author(s): L.E. Cartier

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Case study on an emerald bead: Is it from the ancient mines in Egypt or not?

Case study on an emerald bead: Is it from the ancient mines in Egypt or not? Published in Journal of Gemmological Association of Hong Kong GAHK, 2015, 35, 46-49.

Author(s): M.S. Krzemnicki, L.E. Cartier, W. Zhou

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The influence of pearl oyster farming on reef fish abundance and diversity in Ahe, French Polynesia

The influence of pearl  oyster farming on reef fish abundance and diversity in Ahe, French  Polynesia. Published in Marine Pollution Bulletin, 78, 43-50.

Author(s):L.E. Cartier, K.E. Carpenter

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DNA Fingerprinting of Pearls to Determine their Origins

Abstract: We report the first successful extraction of oyster DNA from a pearl and use it to identify the source oyster species for the three major pearl-producing oyster species Pinctada margaritifera, P. maxima and P. radiata. Both mitochondrial and nuclear gene fragments could be PCR-amplified and sequenced. A polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region was developed and used to identify 18 pearls of unknown origin. A micro-drilling technique was developed to obtain small amounts of DNA while maintaining the commercial value of the pearls. This DNA fingerprinting method could be used to document the source of historic pearls and will provide more transparency for traders and consumers within the pearl industry.

Author(s): J.B. Meyer, L.E. Cartier, E.A. Pinto-Figueroa, M.S. Krzemnicki, H.A. Haenni, B.A. McDonald

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Pearl or gemstone? Galatea pearls: a ‘new’ pearl product from French Polynesia

Pearl or gemstone? Galatea pearls: a ‘new’ pearl product from French Polynesia. Published in IGC 2013 Vietnam Abstract Proceedings, 64-66.

Author(s): L.E. Cartier, M.S. Krzemnicki, J. Rere

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New developments in cultured pearl production: use of organic and baroque shell nuclei

New developments in  cultured pearl production: use of organic and baroque shell nuclei. Published in Australian Gemmologist, 2013, 25, 1, 6-13.

Author(s): L.E. Cartier, M.S. Krzemnicki

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