Pearl testing was long limited to determining whether a pearl is natural or cultured, and whether a pearl has been treated or not. As we have considerably invested in pearl research in recent years, we have achieved significant breakthroughs, namely DNA fingerprinting for species identification and radiocarbon
by Dr. M.S. Krzemnicki, first published in Facette 26 (May 2020) Since 2017, the Swiss Gemmological Institute SSEF offers radiocarbon dating of pearls as a service. To further expand our knowledge about this method and its applicability to other biogenic gem materials, we were happy to receive a number of smal
DNA fingerprinting of ivory involves a scientific method that can provide valuable information about the species of ivory being used in jewellery and ornamental objects, in order to determine whether it is CITES- listed elephant ivory or non-listed mammoth ivory. DNA fingerprinting, together with a morphologica
SSEF pioneered DNA fingerprinting of pearls in 2013, in collaboration with scientists from ETH Zürich. This was the first published report of oyster DNA extraction from a pearl, allowing us to trace and fingerprint pearls of unknown origin and match them to the specific oyster species in which they formed.
A Case Study of Ivory Species Identiﬁcation Using a Combination of Morphological, Gemmological and Genetic Methods
A Case Study of Ivory Species Identiﬁcation: Using a Combination of Morphological, Gemmological and Genetic Methods. Published in Journal of Gemmology, 2020, 37 (3), 282-297.
DNA fingerprinting: an effective tool for taxonomic identification of precious corals in jewelry. Published in Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-12.
Presentation by Dr. Laurent E. Cartier at the International Gemmological Conference (IGC) in Nantes (France) in August 2019.
DNA Fingerprinting of Pearls, Corals and Ivory: A Brief Review of Applications in Gemmology. Published in Journal of Gemmology, 2018, 36, 2, 152-160. Author(s): L.E. Cartier, M.S. Krzemnicki, B. Lendvay, J. B. Meyer