Dehydration of Diaspore and Goethite during Low-Temperature Heating as Criterion to Separate Unheated from Heated Rubies and Sapphires
Dehydration of Diaspore and Goethite during Low-Temperature Heating as Criterion to Separate Unheated from Heated Rubies and Sapphires. Minerals 2023, 13, 1557.
Keywords: Ruby, Pink sapphire, Gamma irradiation, UV-VIS, Raman, R-Line
Mong Hsu is one of the reputed ruby deposits in Myanmar (Burma). It is located about 250km southeast of Mogok, in the Shan State, in northeastern Myanmar.
Very recently, we tested a tricky case of a synthetic ruby (Figure 1) of 4.27 ct, submitted to SSEF as a natural stone accompanied by two lab reports confirming its natural origin. Under the microscope, the submitted stone showed ‘zircon-like’ cluster inclusions (Figure 2). They were somehow reminiscent of
by Dr. M.S. Krzemnicki, first published in Facette 27 (June 2021) It cannot be repeated often enough: any gemstone which contains fissures is prone to be treated with fissure filling substances, either by using a colourless or coloured substances (e.g. oil). Even when the stone comes from a famed mini
Rubies from Mong Hsu, located about 250 km southeast of the Mogok Stone Tract, entered the gem trade in the early 1990s. Since this time the Mong Hsu mines remain an important source for Burmese rubies, specifically for stones of smaller sizes (2 ct and below).
by Dr. M.S. Krzemnicki, first published in Facette 26 (May 2020) In the past decade, rubies from Montepuez in the Cabo Delgado province of northeast Mozambique have been the most significant source of gem-quality rubies in the market. These include iconic stones such as the Rhino ruby (22.04 ct), the Scarl
by Dr. Michael S. Krzemnicki, first published in Facette 22 (February 2016) Heating of rubies from Mozambique at rather low temperatures is nothing new. Immediately after the discovery of this new deposit close to Montepuez in 2009, it was obvious that part of the new material required heat treatment befor
Mogok-type rubies are known to contain small but distinct amounts of vanadium (often in the range of 0.015 – 0.025 wt% V2O3), but are commonly highly dominated by chromium (approximately by a factor of 20-100 x) responsible for their often attractive and saturated red colour and strong fluorescence. In some c
by Dr. M. S. Krzemnicki & Dr. H.A.O. Wang, first published in Facette 25 (February 2019) Harry Winston was certainly one of the most important and influential jewellers of the 20th century. The son of a small jewellery shop owner, Mr. Winston was fascinated by gems and jewels already at a young ag