Phase transformations as important markers for heat treatment detection in corundum and other gemstones
Phase transformations as important markers for heat treatment detection in corundum and other gemstones. IGC 2023 Proceedings, 111-113.
In the past 15 years, Ethiopia has repeatedly gained attention for a variety of new gem finds. In 2008, a large deposit of white play-of-colour opal was found (Rondeau et al., 2010), followed by black opal with play-of-colour in 2013 (Kiefert et al., 2014).
Since about three years, we see at SSEF occasionally chrysoberyl samples of very dark purplish to purplish brown colour, sometimes of quite impressive size (>10 ct). Based on chemical composition, these chrysoberyls show distinct concentration of chromium, but no evident change of colour, thus do not fit the cr
Opal comes from the Sanskrit upala and the Latin opalus, meaning “precious stone”. The Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder (A.D. 23/24 – 79) wrote that: “In the opal you will see the refulgent fire of the carbuncle (red gems), the glorious purple of amethyst, and the sea green of the emerald, and all these
In 1298 AD, the king of Hungary Andreas II presented to his wife Queen Agnes a stone-set wooden altar piece as a royal wedding present. This small medieval artwork, known today as the Königsfelder diptychon, was originally made in Venice.
The mineral chrysoberyl BeAl₂O₄ is a highly appreciated gemstone due to its rarity, brilliance, and beauty and comes in attractive colours commonly ranging from colourless (chemically pure) to yellow, yellowish green, green, and brownish green to dark brown, mostly related to the presence of iron in its cry
by Dr. M.S. Krzemnicki, first published in Facette 27 (June 2021) In recent months, the SSEF received again a number of very rare collector stones for testing. These included poudretteite, musgravite, taaffeite, and grandidierite of exceptional quality. Poudretteite, ideally KNa2B3Si12O30, is a very r
by Prof. H.A. Hänni, first published in Facette 26 (May 2020) stan has a number of gemstone deposits that are related to the collision of the Indian continent with the Eurasian plate, a consequence of global plate tectonic movements. The gem-producing areas lie in a thrust zone known as Karakorum Suture Zone.